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Aquino III, Benigno Simeon Cojuangco

February 08, 1960
Benigno Simeon “Noynoy” Aquino III was born on February 8, 1960 in Manila. He is the third of the five children of Benigno S. Aquino, Jr., who was then the Vice Governor of Tarlac province, and Corazon Cojuangco, daughter of a prominent Tarlac businessman. He has four sisters, Maria Elena (Ballsy) Aquino-Cruz, Aurora Corazon (Pinky) Aquino-Abellada, Victoria Elisa (Viel) Aquino-Dee, andKristina Bernadette (Kris) Aquino. He attended Ateneo de Manila University in Quezon City for his elementary, high school, and college education. He graduated in 1981 with a Bachelor’s degree in Economics.[3][14] He was one of the students of former professor of economics at Ateneo de Manila University, former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.

In September 1972, Aquino’s father, who was then a senator and prominent opposition leader to President Ferdinand Marcos, was arrested for subversion. In August 1973, Aquino’s father was brought before a military tribunal in Fort Bonifacio.[15] On August 25, 1973, Aquino’s father wrote a letter to his son from Fort Bonifacio, giving advice to his son;

“The only advice I can give you: Live with honor and follow your conscience.

There is no greater nation on earth than our Motherland. No greater people than our own. Serve them with all your heart, with all your might and with all your strength.

Son, the ball is now in your hands.”[15]

In 1980, after a series of heart attacks, Aquino’s father was allowed to seek medical treatment in the United States, where Aquino’s family began a period of self-exile. In 1981, shortly after graduation, Aquino joined his family in the United States.

In 1983, after three years in exile in the United States, Aquino’s family returned to the Philippines, shortly after the assassination of his father on August 21, 1983.[14] He had a short tenure as a member of the Philippine Business for Social Progress, working as an assistant of the executive director of PBSP.[14] He later joined Mondragon Industries Philippines, Inc. as an assistant Retail Sales Supervisor and assistant promotions manager for Nike Philippines, Inc.[14]

From 1986 to 1992, during the presidency of his mother, Aquino joined the Intra-Strata Assurance Corporation, a company owned by his uncle Antolin Oreta Jr., as vice president.[14]

On August 28, 1987, eighteen months into the presidency of Aquino’s mother, rebel soldiers led by Gregorio Honasan staged an unsuccessful coup attempt, attempting to siegeMalacañang Palace. Aquino was two blocks from the palace when he came under fire. Three of Aquino’s four security escorts were killed, and the last was wounded protecting him. He himself was hit by five bullets, one of which is still embedded in his neck.[16]

From 1993 to 1998, he worked for Central Azucarera de Tarlac, the sugar refinery in charge of the Cojuangco-owned Hacienda Luisita, as the executive assistant for administration from 1993 to 1996, then he worked as manager for field services from 1996 to 1998.

House of Representatives

Aquino was elected to the House of Representatives of the Philippines in 1998, representing the 2nd district of Tarlac.[3][8] Aquino won re-election in 2001 and 2004, and served until 2007.[3][8]

As a member of the House of Representatives, Aquino passed numerous house bills and resolutions:[8]

House Bill No. 4251, granting annual productivity incentives to all workers in the private sector.
House Bill No. 4397, strengthening the regulatory power of the Department of Trade and Industry to effectively enforce consumer laws.
House Bill No. 4252, increasing the penalties for non-compliance of the prescribed increases and adjustments in the wage rates of workers.
House Bill No. 3616, extending the reglementary period for the educational qualification for the Philippine National Police.
House Bill No. 1842, providing for the codification of criminal laws.
House Resolution No. 65, inquiry in aid of legislation into the policies and processes of the Energy Regulatory Commission in granting rate increases to electric utilities.

House Resolution No. 788, a house bill Aquino is reportedly proudest of, which created a Congressional Oversight Committee to check and study the use of intelligence funds by government agencies, thus ensuring that allocated funds are actually used for the purposes they were originally intended for.
Aquino became Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives on November 8, 2004, but relinquished the post on February 21, 2006, when Aquino joined the Liberal Party in calling for the resignation of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo at the height of the Hello Garci scandal.[3][8]

Aquino was also Chairman of the Board of the Central Luzon Congressional Caucus.[8]

Senate

Barred from running for re-election to the House of Representatives of the Philippines, to represent the 2nd district of Tarlac, due to term limits, Aquino was elected to the Senate of the Philippines in the 2007 Philippine midterm election on May 15, 2007, under the banner of the Genuine Opposition (GO), a coalition comprising a number of parties, including Aquino’s own Liberal Party, seeking to curb attempts by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to amend the 1986 Philippine Constitution. In Aquino’s political ads, he was endorsed by his younger sister, TV host Kris Aquino, and his mother, the late former President Corazon Aquino. Although a Roman Catholic, Aquino was endorsed by thepentecostal Jesus Is Lord Church, one of the largest Protestant churches in the Philippines.[18][19][20] With more than 14.3 million votes, Aquino’s tally was the sixth highest of the 37 candidates for the 12 vacant seats elected from the nation at large. Aquino assumed his new office on June 30, 2007.[3]

During the campaign, Aquino reached out to his former enemy, Senator Gregorio Honasan, supporting his application for bail. Aquino told Job Tabada of Cebu Daily News, on March 5, 2007;

“I endorse Honasan’s request for bail para parehas ang laban [to even out the playing field]. I was hit by bullets from Honasan’s men in the neck and hips but that’s past now. The principle of my father was, ‘Respect the rights even of your enemies.’ Ito ang nagpatingkad ng demokrasya [This is what defines democracy]. Genuine reconciliation is democracy in action.”[21]

Aquino was referring to an unsuccessful coup attempt staged by rebel soldiers led by Gregorio Honasan on August 28, 1987, in which Aquino was seriously injured.

2010 presidential campaign

Main article: Philippine presidential election, 2010

See also: Benigno Aquino III presidential campaign, 2010

n November 26, 2008, the Liberal Party elected Mar Roxas, president of the Liberal Party, as the standard-bearer of the Liberal Party forPresident of the Philippines in the then-upcoming 2010 presidential elections.[22]

Following the death and funeral of Aquino’s mother, former President Corazon Aquino, many people began calling on Aquino to run forPresident of the Philippines.[3] This groundswell of support became known as the “Noynoy Phenomenon”.[23]

On August 27, 2009, Edgardo “Eddie” Roces, son of the late Chino Roces, former publisher and owner of The Manila Times, and a group of lawyers and activists formed the Noynoy Aquino for President Movement (NAPM), a nationwide campaign to collect a million signatures in order to persuade Aquino to run for President,[24] reminiscent of Roces’ father, who on October 15, 1985, launched the Cory Aquino for President Movement (CAPM), collecting more than one million signatures nationwide, asking Aquino’s mother to run against Ferdinand Marcos in the 1986 presidential snap elections.[25]

In September 2009, the Liberal Party held numerous press conferences in relation to the 2010 elections at the Club Filipino in Greenhills,San Juan, the site of the presidential inauguration of Aquino’s mother in February 1986.

On September 1, 2009, at the Club Filipino, in a press conference, Senator Mar Roxas, president of the Liberal Party, announced his withdrawal from the 2010 presidential race and expressed his support for Aquino, as the party standard-bearer instead.[26] Aquino later stood side by side with Roxas, but did not make a public statement at the press conference.[7] The next day, Aquino announced that he would be going on a “spiritual retreat” over the weekend to finalize his decision for the elections,visiting the Carmelite sisters inZamboanga City.[3] reminiscent of his mother’s own soul-searching in 1985 before deciding to run for the elections the following year.[27]He came back on September 9 to formally announce his candidacy.[3][28] Almost two weeks later, Roxas pledged to run alongside Aquino as the Liberal Party standard-bearer for vice-president.[29][30] The two men filed their respective certificates of candidacy for presidentand vice-president on November 28, 2009.

Fake psychiatric reports on Aquino’s mental health began circulating online during the 90-day election campaign period from February 9 – May 8, 2010,[31][32] Aquino received information that the first such report came from the wife of Nacionalista Party supporter and former National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR) president Guido Delgado, a move Aquino claims was made with “malicious intent”.[32] A second report came from an unidentified supporter of Senator Manny Villar, the Nacionalistas’ leader and presidential candidate.[32][32][33][33] Later presented by Delgado at a press conference, the psychiatric report was supposedly signed by Father Jaime C. Bulatao, S.J., PhD, a Jesuit priest, a professor of Psychology and a clinical psychologist at the Ateneo de Manila University, taken when Aquino was finishing his Bachelor’s degree in Economics at the university in 1979. It reportedly showed that Aquino suffered from depression and melancholia,[33] the priest later denied writing the document at all.[32] Another supposed psychiatric report that later surfaced claimed that Aquino suffered from major depressive disorder; the report’s supposed author, Jesuit priest Father Carmelo A. Caluag II, denied writing any evaluations of Aquino. The university’s psychology department later debunked the documents, with Aquino labelling them as another desperate effort by rivals to malign his reputation.[32]

During the campaign,[31] Senator Francis Escudero began endorsing Aquino as President and PDP-Laban standard-bearer Jejomar Binay, for Vice President, launching theAquino-Binay campaign.[34] However, this was done without the consent of the two candidates; Binay was former President Joseph Estrada’s running mate for vice-president.

During the 2010 presidential election, held on May 10, 2010, in unofficial tallies, conducted by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) and the Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting (PPCRV), Aquino was the leading candidate in tallied votes for President, and in the official Congressional canvass, Aquino was the leading candidate in canvassed votes for President.[35] Aquino was unofficially being referred to as “President-apparent” by the media.[36]

On June 9, 2010, at the Batasang Pambansa Complex, in Quezon City, the Congress of the Philippines proclaimed Aquino as the President-elect of the Philippines,[3][5] following the 2010 election with 15,208,678 votes,[3][6] while Jejomar Binay, the former mayor of Makati City, was proclaimed as the Vice President-elect of the Philippines with 14,645,574 votes,[37] defeating runner-up for the vice presidency Mar Roxas, the standard-bearer of the Liberal Party for Vice President.

Presidency

Main article: Presidency of Benigno Aquino III

See also: List of presidential trips made by Benigno Aquino III and Noynoying

he Presidency of Benigno S. Aquino III began at noon on June 30, 2010, when he became the fifteenth President of the Philippines, succeeding Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.

Aquino is the:

Third-youngest person to be elected president, and the fourth-youngest president after Emilio Aguinaldo, Ramon Magsaysay andFerdinand Marcos.[2]
First president to be a bachelor, being unmarried and having no children.[2]
Second president not to drink alcoholic beverages; the first president not to drink alcohol was Emilio Aguinaldo.[2]
Eighth president to be a smoker.[2]
First graduate of Ateneo de Manila University to become president.[2]
Third president who will only hold office in Malacañang Palace, but not be a resident, following Corazon Aquino and Fidel V. Ramos.[2]
First president to make Bahay Pangarap his official residence.[38][39]
Third president to use his second given name, Simeon, as his middle initial, as Manuel L. Quezon and José P. Laurel did (Like his grandfather and father used his second name as well).[1][2][3]
Second president to be a child of a former president (Former President Corazon Aquino).
First president to be a former student of a former president (Former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, the daughter of former President Diosdado Macapagal).
The presidential transition began on June 9, 2010, when the Congress of the Philippines proclaimed Aquino the winner of the 2010 Philippine presidential elections held on May 10, 2010, proclaiming Aquino as the President-elect of the Philippines.[5][6] The transition was in charge of the new presidential residence, cabinet appointments and cordial meetings between them and the outgoing administration.

The presidential residence of Aquino is Bahay Pangarap (English: House of Dreams),[12] located inside of Malacañang Park,[40] at the headquarters of the Presidential Security Group across the Pasig River from Malacañang Palace.[12][13] Aquino is the first president to make Bahay Pangarap his official residence.[38][39] Malacañang Park was intended as a recreational retreat by former President Manuel L. Quezon.[39] The house was built and designed by architect Juan Arellano in the 1930s,[12][39] and underwent a number of renovations.[12] In 2008, the house was demolished and rebuilt in contemporary style by architect Conrad Onglao,[12][39] a new swimming pool was built, replacing the Commonwealth-era swimming pool.[38][39] The house originally had one bedroom,[12] however, the house was renovated for Aquino to have four bedrooms,[38] a guest room, a room for Aquino’s household staff, and a room for Aquino’s close-in security.[40] The house was originally intended as a rest house, the venue for informal activities and social functions for the First Family by former President Manuel L. Quezon.[12] Malacañang Park was refurbished through the efforts of First Lady Eva Macapagal, wife of former President Diosdado Macapagal, in the early 1960s.[39] First Lady Macapagal renamed the rest house as Bahay Pangarap.[39] During thepresidency of Fidel V. Ramos, the house was restored and became the club house of the Malacañang Golf Club.[12] The house was used by former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to welcome special guests.[12] Aquino refused to live in Malacañang Palace, the official residence of the President of the Philippines, or in Arlegui Mansion, the residence of former presidents Corazon Aquino and Fidel V. Ramos, stating that the two residences are too big,[12] and also stated that his small family residence at Times Street in Quezon City would be impractical, since it would be a security concern for his neighbors.[

Personal life

a bachelor, being unmarried and having no children. Aquino previously had a relationship with Shalani Soledad, a Valenzuela councilor and niece of former Senator Francisco Tatad.[119][120][121] In November 2010, Aquino confirmed that he and Soledad had broken up.[122] He had previously dated Korina Sanchez,[119][123] Bernadette Sembrano,[119] and Liz Uy.[122][124] Aquino dated Bunny Calica, a teacher who is into early education and is working with Korean students.[125]Aquino and Calica first met around 2007, and didn’t see each other again until 2011.[125]

Aquino had been an enthusiast of shooting and billiards,[1][3] but today, he relaxes by playing video games since he could no longer engage in the first two aforementioned pastimes.[126] He is a history buff,[1][3] an audiophile and enjoys listening to music.[3][126] Aquino does not drink alcoholic beverages,[2] but he is an avid smoker, and has admitted to smoking up to three packs a day.[127] During his presidential campaign, Aquino promised to quit smoking if he wins the election.[128] However, he decided later he would not quit smoking, preferring to do it at the “appropriate” time.[129][130] He also said he is not keen on being a poster boy for anti-smoking advocates.
15th President of the Philippines

Judicial appointments[edit]

Aquino appointed the following to the

Maria Lourdes Sereno – August 13, 2010 (as Associate Justice); August 25, 2012 (as Chief Justice).[67]
Bienvenido L. Reyes – August 16, 2011
Estela M. Perlas-Bernabe – September 16, 2011

Mario Victor F. Leonen – November 21, 2012

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