Sources told Rappler that while Marcos attended St. Edmund Hall at England’s Oxford University in 1975, he never completed his bachelor of arts degree in political science, philosophy and economics because he was expelled after a year.
A source said in an e-mail: “It is my understanding that he was sent down (expelled)…Having failed his Prelims (first year exams), Ferdinand Jr never completed his Bachelor degree at Oxford. It is possible that he might have received a face-saving diploma, which is not the degree that he claims.”
Marcos’ name was also absent in the class lists of the Oxford University calendar for the years 1977 to 1980, as shown by photos of the document obtained by Rappler. A class list contains the names of all university students who received their degrees for a particular year.
Similarly, Marcos’ name was also absent in the comprehensive alumni database of the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, from which he claimed to have obtained his master’s in business administration in 1981.
Professor Justin McDaniel of the University of Pennsylvania, who personally checked Marcos’ status through a discussion with the school’s MBA program director, told Rappler that the senator was indeed in the program, but only from 1979 to 1980.
“Marcos Jr entered the MBA program in 1979 and attended until the fall of 1980. However, he withdrew sometime during this period or early spring in 1981 and never graduated. They do not know why. However, Wharton confirmed that Marcos Jr went there but never graduated,” he said.
Marcos’ resume, posted at the Senate’s official website, boasts of him as having obtained a bachelor of arts degree in political science, philosophy and economics from Oxford University (1975-1978) and a master’s in business administration (MBA) from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania (1979-1981).