China virus: three weeks of growing alarm
China has closed off more than a dozen cities as it scrambles to contain a new virus that has killed more than two dozen people since January 11, with cases confirmed in several countries.
Here is a timeline.
– Alarm raised –
On December 31, China alerts the World Health Organization (WHO) to several cases of pneumonia in Wuhan, a port city of 11 million people in Hubei province. The virus is unknown.
Several of the ill worked at the city’s Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, which is shut down on January 1.
As experts work on identifying the virus, the number of infections exceeds 40.
– New coronavirus –
On January 5, Chinese officials rule out the SARS virus — an illness that originated in China and killed more than 770 people worldwide over 2002-2003.
On January 7, they announce they have identified a new virus, the WHO reports. It is from the coronavirus family, which includes SARS and the common cold, and is named 2019-nCoV.
– First death –
China announces on January 11 its first death, that of a 61-year-old man who had purchased goods from the Wuhan market.
– Other countries –
On January 13, the WHO reports a case in Thailand, the first outside of China, of a woman who had arrived from Wuhan.
On January 16, Japan’s health ministry reports a confirmed case of a man who had also visited the city.
The following day, as a second death is reported in Wuhan, US health authorities announce the start of screening at three airports of passengers arriving from the city.
On January 24, US officials confirm a second case of the virus, both from travelers who arrived from China before the airport screenings.
On the same day, a case is confirmed in Nepal, the first in densely populated South Asia, and two in France, the first cases reported in Europe.
– Human transmission confirmed –
On January 20, China reports a third death and more than 200 infections, with cases also reported outside Hubei province including in Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen.
South Korea announces its first confirmed infection.
Human-to-human transmission is “affirmative”, a Chinese expert on infectious diseases Zhong Nanshan tells state broadcaster CCTV.
Asian countries introduce mandatory screenings at airports of arrivals from high-risk areas of China.
Health authorities announce the first infection on US soil on January 21.
– Wuhan quarantined –
On January 22, the death toll in China jumps to 17 with more than 550 infections. Many European airports step up checks on flights from Wuhan.
The city is placed under effective quarantine on January 23 as air and rail departures are suspended.
The same measures are announced for two more cities in Hubei province, Xiantao and Chibi. Cases are confirmed in Singapore and Vietnam.
Beijing cancels events for the Lunar New Year starting January 25, while officials report the first death outside of Hubei.
The WHO says later on January 23 the outbreak does not yet constitute a global emergency and there is “no evidence” at the moment of the virus spreading between humans outside of China.
– Cities, venues shut –
By January 24, the death toll in China stands at 26, with the government reporting more than 830 infections.
The number of cities under shutdown in Hubei rises to 13, affecting 41 million people.
Shanghai Disneyland shuts down and some cities announce the closure of entertainment venues.
Beijing says a section of the Great Wall and other famous landmarks will also be closed.